The presence of the geese and swans recently sparked the National Audubon Society to designate Middle Creek a Globally Significant Important Bird Area. And I can see why. Driving into the preserve, what appear to be snow-covered fields and a lake in the distance are actually acre upon acre of wingtip-to-wingtip Snow Geese. The most breathtaking scenes occur when thousands of the white birds take flight en masse, as they move from one field or part of the lake to another.
While the geese and swans are the stars of the avian seasonal calendar, visitors will find abundant opportunities to bird year-round. At least 110 bird species are known to breed at Middle Creek, and 279 species have been counted here.
At a Glance
Click on the coordinates below to view location:
Forests, farm fields, grasslands, 400-acre shallow-water lake, 70-acre water impoundment.
Flat and gently rolling fields to steep wooded hills. Hiking trails from easy to expert.
Winter and spring: Ruddy and American Black Ducks, Northern Shoveler, Gadwall, Green-winged Teal, Snow, Ross’s, and Cackling Geese, Tundra Swan, Great Horned and Short-eared Owls. Spring: Spotted and Least Sandpipers, Eastern Screech-Owl, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Virginia Rail, Eastern Phoebe, Eastern Kingbird, Gray Catbird, Scarlet Tanager, warblers, and thrushes. Summer: American Kestrel, Killdeer, Northern Parula, Ovenbird, Common Yellowthroat, Willow Flycatcher, Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Eastern Bluebird, White-eyed Vireo, Bobolink. Fall: Merlin, Philadelphia Vireo. Rarities: Glossy and White Ibis, Marbled Godwit, Black-necked Stilt, Barn Owl, Dickcissel.
When to go
Year-round. January to early April for tens of thousands of geese and swans.
Visitor center has maps, restrooms, and an observation room with a view of the lake.
State wildlife management area. No fees. Open year-round during daylight hours. Auto-tour route open March 1 to September 15. Visitor center open March 1 to November 30, Tuesdays through Saturdays from 8-4, and Sundays from 12-5.
Snow Geese arrive in significant numbers from mid-February to mid-March, depending on whether the lake waters are frozen. Call ahead for daily conditions and bird-population estimates.
For more info
Middle Creek WMA visitor center, (717) 733-1512.
Quittapahilla Audubon Society
Lebanon Valley Conservancy
Lancaster Bird Club
Second Mountain Hawk Watch
34 miles northwest of Middle Creek, near Fort Indiantown Gap. Goshawks, Golden Eagles, Broad-winged Hawks, and other raptors in fall. Warblers and other songbirds in spring and summer.
State Gamelands 156
12 miles west of Middle Creek on Hwy. 322. Good for Worm-eating and Hooded Warblers, Baltimore Oriole.