Become a member and get exclusive access to articles, contests and more!
Start Your Free Trial
Hotspots Near You

156. Forest Beach Migratory Preserve, Belgium, Wisconsin

A bird-rich preserve built from scratch on the site of a former 18-hole golf course along Lake Michigan.

It’s hard to decide what makes the Forest Beach Migratory Preserve such a special place. My friend Tom Schaefer says it’s because you never know what you might see next, and he should know. He has helped log a number of firsts, including a Plegadis ibis and an American Golden-Plover.

Four years ago, the preserve was an 18-hole semi-private golf course — hardly the kind of pristine habitat conservationists seek to preserve. A local land trust’s audacious concept of building a sanctuary from scratch took off with government and private assistance, and now wetlands and native plant communities are being restored.

I’ve had several special moments here. During the 2011 Big Sit, I watched at dawn as a Short-eared Owl flew silently in from Lake Michigan and sailed over my head. In May 2010, thousands of Tree, Barn, and Northern Rough-winged Swallows zipped south along the beach in a reverse migration thanks to a cold snap. And just last spring, I pished a Connecticut Warbler out of a spruce tree. It perched in front of me for 20 seconds — the best look I’ve ever had at the little skulker! — Carl Schwartz

Carl Schwartz is the coordinator of Bird City Wisconsin, an urban bird-conservation initiative, and the president of the Wisconsin Society for Ornithology.

156. Forest Beach Migratory Preserve, Belgium, Wisconsin


Forest Beach Migratory Preserve is a former golf course that features prairies, woodlands, and other habitats. From Milwaukee, take I-43 north to exit 100 and continue northeast on Hwy. LL. Drive 3.7 miles to Hwy. P and turn right. Go 1.25 miles until the road curves left and becomes Country Club Rd. Park at the old clubhouse on the right.

At a Glance

Click on the coordinates below to view location: 43°27’30.43″N 87°48’53.39″W


Five-acre hardwood forest, seasonal ponds, open grassland, prairie, partially wooded ravine, and beach.

Formerly a golf course, so it’s walkable. Cart paths converted to trails that are abutted and bisected by paved and gravel roads; birding by car is possible. Portions of property are wheelchair-accessible.


232 species. Long-tailed Duck, Common and Red-throated Loons, Horned Grebe, 23 duck species, all three scoters, Caspian, Common, and Forster’s Terns, American Bittern, Great Egret, American White Pelican, Virginia Rail, Golden- and Ruby-crowned Kinglets, mixed flocks of warblers, thrushes, and flycatchers in spring and fall, Upland Sandpiper, Willet, Hudsonian Godwit, Wilson’s Phalarope, and Whimbrel. Hawk watch has turned up 12 raptor species, including Golden Eagle, Northern Goshawk, Peregrine Falcon, Merlin, and Northern Harrier. Rarities: Northern Mockingbird, Western Meadowlark, and Connecticut, Mourning, and Kentucky Warblers.

When to go

Year-round. Best from April to May and September to October for passerines, mid-September to early November for migrating hawks.


Several viewing platforms and blinds, 3.5-mile trail system, kiosk with map at clubhouse parking lot. The Western Great Lakes Bird and Bat Observatory is headquartered in the old clubhouse.


Ozaukee Washington Land Trust preserve. No fees. No public transportation, but Ozaukee Shared-Ride Taxi Service is available.


Bring your scope. Be prepared to walk through high grass, which often can be wet. Wear layers.

For more info

Ozaukee Washington Land Trust 
Western Great Lakes Bird and Bat Observatory 

Sites nearby

Harrington Beach State Park
Three miles north of preserve; follow Lake Church Rd. north to Hwy. D and go east to park entrance. Largest bird list of any state park in Wisconsin.

Lion’s Den Gorge
511 High Bluff Dr., Grafton. 79 acres of undeveloped Lake Michigan shoreline adjacent to a 44-acre wetland complex. Great spot for spring and fall songbird and hawk migrations, plus vagrants.

← Back to Hotspots